Social Welfare in China in the Context of Three Transitions
SCID Working Paper 66
This paper conducts a comprehensive review and evaluation of China’s social welfare development in the context of socio-economic changes characterized by three transitions. The analysis first focuses on the urban and rural social security systems by examining the arrangements for income maintenance in old age and unemployment, as well as the effectiveness of such provisions. This paper goes on to describe the current status of healthcare provision in urban and rural areas, and explore ways to finance adequate medical care and eradicate preventable illnesses. Finally, the paper identifies the major impediments in the implementation of social security reforms aimed at replacing the inherited system.