Skip to content Skip to navigation

The Employment Effects of the Social Security Earnings Test

Jan 2020
Working Paper
20-005
By  Alexander Gelber, Damon Jones, Daniel Sacks, Jae Song

We investigate the impact of the Social Security Annual Earnings Test (AET) on the employment decisions of older Americans. The AET reduces Social Security benefits by one dollar for every two dollars earned above the exempt amount. Using a differences-in-differences design, we find that the employment rate of those predicted to become subject to the AET decreases substantially relative to those not predicted to become subject to it. The point estimates suggest that the AET reduces the employment rate of Americans aged 63-64 by at least 1.2 percentage points.